This part of the Rossi patent caught my attention:
“The present inventor, moreover, has also accurately studies the following related patents: US-6,236,225, US-5,122,054, US-H466, US-4,014,168, US-5,552,155, US-5,195,157, US-4,782,303, US-4,341,730, US-A-20010024789.”
The patent numbers are converted to links in URL formate as follows:
"Method of testing the gate oxide in integrated DMOS power transistors and integrated device comprising a DMOS power transistor"
"Device for stopping a radiant burner automatically in the event of ignition"
"Hall effect device assembly"
"Fusogenic lipsomes and methods for making and using same"
"Optical fibre splicing"
"Current guiding system"
"Beam dancer fusion device"
"Methods for generating catalytic proteins"
“Iron oxide-based nanomagnets in nanomedicine: fabrication and applications”
Iron oxide based nanomagnet in nanomedicine: fabrication and applications | Lin | Nano Reviews
The some of the patents listed in the Rossi patent have a theme of organic synthesis of organic compatible catalysts and their testing for effectiveness.
Iron oxide nanoparticles are iron oxide particles with diameters between about 1 and 100 nanometers. The two main forms are magnetite (Fe3O4) and its oxidized form maghemite (Fe2O3). They have attracted extensive interest due to their superparamagnetic properties and their potential applications in many fields (although Cu, Co and Ni are also highly magnetic materials, they are toxic and easily oxidized).
Applications of iron oxide nanoparticles include terabit magnetic storage devices, catalysis, sensors, and high-sensitivity biomolecular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for medical diagnosis and therapeutics. These applications require coating of the nanoparticles by agents such as long-chain fatty acids, alkyl-substituted amines and diols.
Rossi may have been interested in the organic fabrication of Iron oxide nanoparticles and subsiquent testing with the intent at selecting particles with superparamagnetic properties.
This superparamagnetic behavior of iron oxide nanoparticles can be attributed to their size. When the size gets small enough (<20 nm), thermal fluctuations can change the direction of magnetization of the entire crystal. A material with many such crystals behaves like a paramagnet, except that the moments of entire crystals are fluctuating instead of individual atoms.
After fabrication, certain Iron oxide nanoparticles will be magnetic and others won’t. A selection mechanism based on magnetic activity can pick out the required magnetically active particles from the ones that aren’t.
If and what type of Iron oxide nanoparticles magnetization behavior that the Rossi reaction requires is unknown. But it looks like Rossi is interested in this type of particle and it behavior.
In detail, ferromagnetic (form permanent magnets) and ferrimagnetic (Ferrimagnetic materials are like ferromagnets in that they hold a spontaneous magnetization below the Curie temperature) materials become disordered and lose their magnetization beyond the Curie temperature TC and antiferromagnetic materials lose their magnetization beyond the Néel temperature TN. Magnetite is ferrimagnetic at room temperature and has a Curie temperature of 577C. (but its Curie temperature is hard to determine). Both magnetite and maghemite nanoparticles are superparamagnetic at room temperature.
IF maghemite (Fe2O3) is used in the Rossi process, and if the Rossi reaction depends on the magnetic behavior of Iron oxide nanoparticles, running the reactor beyond their Curie temperature (577C) might burn the nano-catalyst out. Or on the plus side, it could gradually stop a run-away meltdown reaction.
Even through "Current guiding system" shows an interest in magnetic properties of materials, and the "Hall effect device assembly" reveals a need to trigger processes based on magnetic properties, the nanoparticle screening and selection criteria may not involve magnetic properties but some other of its physical characteristics. Size, shape, charge, chemical composition are all possible as selection criteria.
The fact that Rossi is interested in organic synthesis methods leads credence to the theory that Iron (being non-toxic and commonly fabricated using organic processes) is the secret additive.
"Fusogenic lipsomes and methods for making and using same" indicates Rossi is interested in building a core and shell nanoparticle by using layered lipids:
Liposomes can be loaded with bioactive agents (meaning IRON) passively, that is, by solubilizing the molecule in the medium in which the liposomes are formed, in the case of water-soluble agents, or adding lipid-soluble agents to the lipid solutions from which the liposomes are made. Ionizable bioactive agents (meaning IRON) can also be loaded into liposomes by establishing an electrochemical potential gradient across the liposomal membrane and then adding the agent to the medium external to the liposome"
BiLayer lipids means two layers…the inner layer carries nickel oxide and the outer layer of iron oxide.
Lipid vesicles are formed when phospholipids such as lecithin are placed in water and consequently form one bilayer or a series of bilayers, each separated by water molecules, once enough energy is supplied. Liposomes can be created by sonicating phospholipids in water. Low shear rates create multilamellar liposomes, which have many layers like an onion.
Heating will remove the water and fat to leave a core and shell nanoparticle.
By the way, "Method of testing the gate oxide in integrated DMOS power transistors and integrated device comprising a DMOS power transistor" deals with testing oxides.